At present we cannot support the connection between the Galgóczis of Ménfőcsanak and the Galgóczys of Sajógalgócz with documents, but facial features of some members of the two families bear such resemblance that can hardly be attributed to mere chance; moreover, reading the works of Erzsébet Galgóczy I have felt it in my genes since the 70s and 80s that our families are linked. We publish now these data with the hope of clarifying this matter, before or later, with the help of the internet and the readers of the site.
Were my intuition to be proven false, I would consider it only as a justification of Erzsébet’s literary greatness...
The present page and the family tree of the Galgóczis of Ménfőcsanak were compiled on the basis of the extract of the work of Mrs Károly Galgóczi, "The hapless of Hlohovec, or the history of the Galgóczi family of Ménfőcsanak” :
„The ’Hapless of Hlohovec’ was Erzsébet Galgóczi who had a penchant for writing letters to herself. I found several of them in the bequest, originating from the 80s. Erzsébet Galgóczi began investigating the history of her family already in the 70s. As it is revealed by her handwriting, he went to Galgócz to visit the town whose name she bore. She could not get inside the archives of the town, although her name was already known is Czechoslovakia. She even had a writer’s tour there, and she received the Golden Prague award for her film ’Ice floe adrift’.
She was seriously interested in the history of her family, it keeps popping up in several writings of hers (such as ’A Thousand Years, a Thousand People’ – ’Ezer év, ezer ember’ or ’Being Faithful to the Past’ – ’Hűség a múlthoz’). She declared several times her intention to write about “the last peasant”, with the history of her family included, but eventually she always had a topic that she considered more important. At family gatherings we often spoke about relatives, they were also counted sometimes, beginning at 90 and reaching even the number of 300, but if I ever asked who was a relative of who, or who was their grandfather or great-grandfather and their siblings, nobody remembered any more.
Upon composition of the family tree of the Galgóczis of Ménfőcsanak I was confined to the registers of births, deaths and marriages, assessments of taxes and other similar documents. Problems began when I met the scantiness of the register of Csanak:
Before 1787 the registers were kept in Kisbaráti, in the parsonage of the
neighbouring village, but those before 1778 were destroyed in a conflagration,
What is more, in the documents preserved the parents of the married couples were
not registered until 1833.
Looking for a single missing fact I studied all the registers of the environs (Nagybarát, Kisbarát, Écs, Révfalu, Győr – centre church). I noted everybody named Galgóczi or Galgóczy who was baptized, who married or who died...
… Birth, death and marriage registers of the centre of Győr were kept from 1642, but they feature the name Galgóczi only from 1670. Who they were, whence they came...?
The registers show that Győr was a shelter-place for many. A few years before the Turkish campaign of 1663 a remarkable number of children of parents having Croatian names were baptized – they fled up the Danube river fleeing before the Turks. The castle of Győr was the strongest fortress of Royal Hungary. The Turks were expelled from the countryside under the captaincy of Montecuccoli. The Turkish campaign of 1663 devastated also Upper Hungary; then a plague epidemic ensued. People had a good reason to run for their lives.
After the battles the “immigrants and refugees” disappeared from the city centre’s registers; they show up in the new villages and vine-growing communities instead that were formed in the vicinity of Győr. First they appear in assessments of taxes, and later in the registers of the newly formed parishes.
Ádám Galgóczy – I presume that he is identical with the voivode of Győr’s gunboats – and her wife Anna Gáspár had nine children baptized in Győr between 1671 and 1689. A century later another Adam Galgóczy lived in Kisbaráti with his family, so I tried to go on with my research in this direction, but I have managed to find no connection to date. Nevertheless, it is worth spending some time with the gunboaters, i. e. navigation on the Danube river:
§ “We also know that border fortresses of the chief capitancy of Győr sent thirteen cavarly companies, ten companies of infantry and the Haiduks of thirty-two gunboats to the camp against the Turks... According to the information of Sándor Takács not only the king, but also field marshal duke de Croy and admiral Fleury praised highly colonel Ferenc Horváth and Ádám Galgóczy, chief voivode of Győr’s gunboats.” (László Nagy, Borovszky)
§ In Károly Csonkaréty: Warships upon the Danube and Jenő Szentkláray: History of the Danube Warships the name of Ádám Galgóczy is not mentioned. In the latter work, unfortunately, the lists of the names of the gunboaters end just before the period when Ádám lived.
The history of the Győr gunboaters so far has evaded the interest of scientific researchers. A reason for this may lie in the fact that the sovereign exercised direct command over the warships on the Danube, so all relating documents are in the Vienna archives.
The above works reveal that warship personnel were actually mercenaries. They sometimes received lands as payment, and so they settled there. When there was no fighting, they tilled the land, grew vine or opened a trade. Their privileges were regulated by law, attained for them by Pál Tomory in 1522. The essence of this is summarized by Károly Csonkaréty as follows:
”The gunboat army settled in the boater’s allotments that they received from the king. They constituted a free military organisation with priviliges resembling those of the nobility. Head of this was the captain, its leaders were the voivodes, and its members were the servicemen cultivating the allotments and their family members. In return for their payment and lands they were bound to fight any time both at home and abroad.”
Most important military harbours of the 16th-17th centuries – after the fall of Buda and Esztergom – were Pozsony (Bratislava), Győr and Komárom. We also meet voivode Ádám Galgóczy in the history of the Abbey of Pannonhalma. At around 1668 Ádám was a member of the commitee designated to settle the dispute between the abbot of Pannonhalma and the chief captains of Győr. He was a witness of the last will of János Grúber in 1684, and a witness in a lawsuit on an estate in Csáknéma (History of the Benedictine Order of Pannonhalma, edited by László Erdélyi, Pongrác Sörös, Bp., 1902–1916, vol. IV, p. 312 and 518).
Considering the above it is conceivable that he settled in Pozsony county, and if so, he can be identical with the Ádám Galgóczy mentioned by Borovszky in the volume of Pozsony county, who turns up as a noble in the 1755 census of Pozsony county.
To continue with the identified family tree, in the 1696 catalogue of the vines upon the Csanak mountain the name András Galgóczi/Galgóczy turns up, as somebody having a vineyard of 12 ’hoes’ (Archive of Győr-Moson-Sopron County, Győr). Csanak mountain and the village were in the possession of the Abbey of Pannonhalma. The Abbey gave substantial rebates already in the Turkish era to promote the renewal of the vineyards. After the last Turkish campaign (1683) the Abbey gave complete freedom of all payments for 11 years to 33 nobles and citizens of Győr in order to make them able to put in order their old or newly acquired vines:
"We, Mátyás Gellért Simonsics, arch-abbot of Szentmárton, hereby give due notice to everybody concerned that with the solemn purpose of our grapery upon the Csanak mountain, bare and bleak as it has become because of the heathens, to be re-built as soon as possible, grant eleven years of freedom to the city of Győr in the first land, that is the land being from the direction of the field. Those eleven years passed, from the year that follows, their duties will be the tithe and the montain’s octroi as established of old.” (P.R.T. IV. p. 350.)
In 1796, simultaneously with the registration of the vineyards, the Abbey issued a decree prohibiting permanent dwelling on the mountain, that is in the vineyards. They never managed to enforce this prohibition as the whole vine producing mountain of Csanak and Sokoróalja became gradually inhabited. New, independent vine-growing communities arose.
In an assessment of taxes of 1720 we find a certain György, an extraneus of Révfalu (Archive of Győr-Moson-Sopron County / Archive of the Győr Diocese) As András had a son named György, we consider him the progeny of the kin. This is also supported by the fact that in the birth registry his name is followed by the term “Csanakienses” (Archive of the Diocese). In assessments of taxes the name of György can be found until 1750; at a time he was also a village mayor. After this, twenty years have been lost from the tax assessments of Csanakhegy. Next time we find János Galgóczy only in the register of corvées (urbarium) of 1767, registered as a serf having very little or no land upon the mountain.
We do not know István’s exact date and place of birth. We made our research in the registers of the surrounding countryside because of him, and it was so that we discovered the Galgóczis who lived in the 17th-18th centuries. István fought in the battle of Kismegyer (if the family legend, still preserved by the family of Károly’s grandson, is true).
Upon his marriage (17 May 1817) he was 26 and his bride was 18 years old; this means that he was born in 1791. He died in 1830 (cause: “patécs” – some kind of disease with rash) at the age of 43 – this means, however, a date of birth of 1787. Upon the basis of his date of birth he is likely to have been the son of János and Katalin Szentgyörgyi – the birth registers of the parish of Csanak began only with the date of 1 September 1787.
Between 1820 and 1823 he had a vineyard of 2 “hoes”; from 1821 he had a second class house. His children were born in Csanakhegy.
His son István was born in 1821; the social status of his father is registered as “ignobilis vinicola”. In 1848 they were registered as villein servants. According to the cadastral register notes taken on 6 October 1852 István and his wife Julianna Horváth lived on the Csanak mountain, in the vineyard of Horgos. They had bought the house and the vineyard in 1851. István died at the age of 76, his wife at the age of 74.
Károly, the son if István was born in Ménfőcsanak on 20 January 1851. Upon the birth of his children he was an assistant gardener and a vine-dresser in Gic, in the Isten manor. According to a sales contract of 1892 he bought a house in Ménfő for 900 Forints.
In the 80s of the 19th century phylloxera spread to the vineyards of Sokoró mountains. The only defence against the pest was new plantation (vinegrapes had to be grafted with specimen resistant to phylloxera). Károly received 1 penny for each graftling in Gic; in 10 years he managed to assemble enough to buy the estate with the house in Ménfő.
After the destruction of the vinegrapes a part of the viniculturists went over to the so-called sticking trade. They bought swine in nearby villages, and transported the animals sticked on the spot to Győr, to be sold at the meat market. The family of Károly’s daughter-in-law (the wife of his son József) also made a living like this. Money earned from trade was used to repay the loan they had taken to buy the land. One of Károly’s goals was to get to the election list of virilists; he attained this by 1905. At this time the 1878 amendment of the 1848 law was still in force, giving suffrage to those having at least a quarter of a full scocage tenement or an annual income of 72 forints and 80 pence.
His son Joseph shared his endeavours for acquisition of land. He succeeded in hoarding up 26 acres of land until the Second World War; we can read about this in the works of Erzsébet Galgóczi.
Erzsébet Galgóczi was born as the seventh child of József and his wife Katalin Kelemen; she was followed by three more siblings. She studied in the elementary school of Ménfőcsanak, the Roman Catholic Higher Elementary School in Győr, and the Hungarian Royal State Teachers’ Training Institute and Seminary. Between 1950 and 1955 she was a student of the Academy of Drama in dramaturgy. She got her first independent home in Budapest in 1965; she bought an appartement in Nap street in Buda, and lived here until the end of her life. On May 18 1989 she travelled back to her birthplace, to Győr-Ménfőcsanak; and it was here that she was suddenly taken by a heart attack two days later. Her sepulchre stands in the cemetery of Ménfőcsanak.
This page was written:
on 27 August 2005, on the 75th anniversary of the birth of Erzsébet Galgóczi...
Allow me to hereby thank Mrs Károly Galgóczi for the material assembled
and made available to me – she presently works as a retired librarian in
Ménfőcsanak, in the Erzsébet Galgóczi memorial room in the Bezerédj
castle in Ménfőcsanak – in the name of all members of the “big family”...
 At the time when Hungary was broken in three – the part occupied by the Turks, the part held by the Hapsburgs, and the semi-independent Principality of Transylvania – the term ‘Royal Hungary’ refers to the Hapsburg part of the county.
 Ancient area unit, equivalent of approx. 14 acres. …